Socrates was a greek philosopher and the main source of western thought little is known of his life except what was recorded by his students, including plato. Ancient greek civilization and its influences on the western way of life western civilization and its ideologies have been influenced by greek philosophy and its thinking since its inception back in the 4 th and 5 th century bce. Alexander the great was a king of macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the balkans to modern-day pakistan alexander was the son of philip ii and olympias (one of philip's seven. It was toward the end of the fifth century bce, during the rise of greek philosophy and the age of socrates, that the intertestamental period began.
Alexander the great's conquests in the third century bc had a profound impact on eastern and western culture with the expansion of his empire, hellenism, or greek-influenced, culture spread from the mediterranean to asia. During the period in which the greeks invented rational philosophy and science, after 600bc, their horizons were dramatically opened up by the expansion of the persian empire. This period was the pinnacle of greek influence in the ancient world the hellenistic period was the time after alexander's death when greeks, persians and other cultures were mixed together with greek culture being the main influence.
Unable to conquer the greek mainland, the persian empire eventually fell to alexander the great while it lasted, the persian empire paralleled the classical development of greece. Ancient greek philosophy from thales, who is often considered the first western philosopher, to the stoics and skeptics, ancient greek philosophy opened the doors to a particular way of thinking that provided the roots for the western intellectual tradition. Alexander in hindsight alexander the great's legacy is both far reaching and profound first, his father was able to unite the greek city-states, and alexander destroyed the persian empire forever more importantly, alexander's conquests spread greek culture, also known as hellenism, across his empire. The socio economic and political turns that were occasioned due to alexander's missions, the policies of his predecessors and wars brought massive changes to the religious cultures and traditions the degree of these changes however, varied so much for greeks living in the different cities and parts of the country. Alexander the great was born in 356 bce in the kingdom of macedonia, north of mainland greece although he lived only to the age of 32, and ruled for just 13 years, many historians consider him the greatest military leader of all time.
The origins of greek philosophy can be traced to all of the following except the strong foundation of rational science left over from achaean civilization what was the primary purpose of greek colonization after 750 bce. At home, the greeks and romans cautiously tolerated such views as a means to political unity and stability, but in fact discouraged them when roman emperors claimed divine perogatives, they encountered stiff opposition, though it was customary to pay worthy emperors divine homage after they died. The hellenistic world was an extension of greek civilization in the wake of alexander the great's conquests of the persian empire and the middle east this article deals with the great achievements of hellenistic civilization in science, medicine, mathematics and astronomy, and in art and architecture. Alexander the great is the most famous greek personality ever his short life was full of adventures born in pella, macedonia, in 356 bc, he became king at the age of 20. The rich legacy of stories in greek mythology, decorative images and temple architecture inspired by the gods and heroes of ancient greece, exercised a strong influence on the intellectual, spiritual, and social development of the greeks nurturing them as free thinkers.
Greek philosophy as an independent cultural genre began around 600 bce, and its insights still persist to our times the pre-socratics about 600 bce, the greek cities of ionia were the intellectual and cultural leaders of greece and the number one sea-traders of the mediterranean. Considered to be the founders of philosophy, the ancient greeks used reason and observation to find the answers to life's big questions the conquest of greece by alexander the great. If it wasn't for greece and alexander the great, the roman empire won't have existed zak mar 16, 2013 at 5:16 am italians/romans nearly destroyed the greek race and culture. The antagonism between the persians and greek civilization would provoke the wrath of alexander the great, whose conquest of persia ended the achaemenid empire much smaller than its predecessor was the parthian empire (247 bce-224 ce. After the battle of ipsus, it became evident that the great hellenistic monarchs were destined to share in alexander's conquests ptolemy's base was egypt, and it was there that he and his descendants went on to build their capital into the greatest greek colony of the ancient world.
After his death in 323 bc, alexander's empire was divided among four dynasties: the antigonids, the ptolemies, the seleucids, and the pergamenes a kingdom of bactria was founded in the far northeast. The death of alexander the great in 323 bc marked the beginning of a new stage in world history hellenic civilization, properly defined, was now at an end the fusion of cultures and intermingling of peoples resulting from alexander's conquests had accomplished the overthrow of most of the ideals represented by the greeks in their prime. A contemporary theatre presents alex & aris by moby pomerance from july 14 to august 6, 2017 librarians at seattle public library created this list of books, dvds, and streaming videos to enhance your experience of the show. The great colonizing surge of the 4th century came, however, in the wake of alexander once again, the ionian greeks took the lead, just as, on thucydides' evidence, they had colonized ionia itself even before the organized phase of colonizing activity in the 8th century.
In which you are introduced to the life and accomplishments of alexander the great, his empire, his horse bucephalus, the empires that came after him, and the idea of greatness.