Literary periods of british literature renaissance optimism lyric poetry, prose, and drama were the major styles of the restoration that john milton. Context milton's life john milton was born on december 9, 1608, in london milton's father was a prosperous merchant, despite the fact that he had been disowned by his family when he converted from catholicism to protestantism. The poetry of dryden possess all the characteristics of the restoration period and is therefore thoroughly representative of that age it does not have the poetic glow, the spiritual fervour, the moral loftiness and philosophical depth which were sadly lacking in the restoration period. John milton (1608-1674) is one of the greatest literary figures of the early 17th century milton's greatest early poem is lycidas (1638), a lament on the death of a college friend paradise lost (first published in 1667) is an epic poem in blank verse by milton, and is aptly called his greatest work. John donne and the metaphysical poets continued this tradition, but the poetry of milton was unsurpassed in the 17th century english prose flourished with the production of the authorised version of the bible in 1611.
Renaissance literature was born as the world emerged from the middle ages it was the time of john milton and shakespeare in this lesson, we will learn about the characteristics of the. The mid seventeenth-century was a time of great social and cultural turmoil a series of political and military conflicts, now known as the english civil war or the english revolution, was waged intermittently between parliamentarians and royalists from 1642 to 1651. The english renaissance, the age of william shakespeare, christopher marlowe, sir philip sidney, ben jonson, john donne, and john milton, was one of the most brilliant periods in western literary history for the production of great poetry.
The english poet and politician andrew marvell (1621-1678), one of the writers of the 17th century most admired by the 20th, composed lyric poetry which is sensuous, witty, elegant, and sometimes passionate marvell was born on march 31, 1621, at winestead-in-holderness, yorkshire his father, a. 1631-1700 the most popular author of the restoration period, known for his plays, poetry, satire, and literary criticism he wrote the conquest of granada, popularizing the heroic play his influence on literature was vast. Restoration literature is the literature written in english during the period commonly referred to as the english restoration (1660 - 1689), corresponding with the last years of the direct stuart reign in england, scotland, wales, and ireland. The term is often used to refer to the entire period from 1660 to the fall of james ii in 1688, and in english literature the restoration period (often called the age of dryden) is commonly viewed as extending from 1660 to the death of john dryden in 1700. The term restoration in restoration drama refers to the return of the monarchy to england after something more than a decade of puritan rule yet the term might with equal justice be applied.
Restoration prose style grew more like witty, urbane conversation and less like the intricate, rhetorical style of previous writers like john milton and john donne simultaneously, restoration literature continued to appeal to heroic ideals of love and honor, particularly on stage, in heroic tragedy. The enlightenment, known also as the neo-classical period, carried such ideals through into the literature of the time - shown through an adherence to strict form within poetry, reminiscent of classical literature - such as from the homeric period, or the classical greek period. It was also noted for the rebirth of english poetry under john milton (reinventing the allegorical style in paradise lost) and john bunyan (pilgrim's progress) the neoclassical period is generally reckoned to have ended with the rise of the romantics in the early 19th century. The poetry of the english renaissance between 1580 and 1660 was the result of a remarkable outburst of energy it is, however, the drama of roughly the same period that stands highest in popular estimation. The most famous plays of the early restoration period are the unsentimental or hard comedies of john dryden, william wycherley, and george etherege, which reflect the atmosphere at court, and celebrate an aristocratic macho lifestyle of unremitting sexual intrigue and conquest after a sharp drop in both quality and quantity in the 1680s, the.
The best short english poems from the renaissance below is our pick of some of the finest very short poems from the renaissance we've had to exclude several favourites, such as tichborne's elegy and the anonymous song 'weep you no more sad fountaines', since they are just a little too long for our self-imposed 14-line. Restoration period (1660-1700) takes its name from the restoration of the stuart or charles ii to the english throne in 1660, at the end of the commonwealth it is specified as lasting until 1700 (abrams. 1660 to 1700 is known as the restoration period or the age of dryden dryden was the representative writer of this period the restoration of king charles ii in 1660 marks the beginning of a new era both in the life and the literature of england.
John milton, paradise regained, in milton: the complete shorter poems, ed john carey (harlow, 2007), 1462-64 hereafter, line references for quotations taken from this volume are noted parenthetically in the text. John milton's paradise lost, a story of fallen pride, was the first major poem to appear in england after the restoration the court of charles ii had, in its years in france, learned a worldliness and sophistication that marked it as distinctively different from the monarchies that preceded the republic.
The king of restoration, as john dryden is referred to, set to work and within a month completed 'the state of innocence' the adaptation, written in rhyming couplets and meant for the stage, fared better than 'paradise lost' until the end of that century. The restoration period, likewise, was a comic period as, to use the words of dobree, it was an age of enquiry and curiosity things like sexual morality came to be examined, and new conclusions, mostly tentative, came to be expressed. The most famous plays of the early restoration period are the unsentimental or hard comedies of john dryden , william wycherley , and george etherege , which reflect the atmosphere at court, and celebrate an aristocratic macho lifestyle of unremitting sexual intrigue and conquest after a sharp drop in both quality and quantity in the 1680s. Renaissance poetry is not interested in representational accuracy or realism, but in the power of exquisite, ornamented workmanship to draw the reader into its world (renaissance.